Evolution of biscuits

The term biscuit comes to English from the French biscuit (bis-qui), which itself has a Latin root: panis biscotus refers to bread twice-cooked. The history of the biscuit follows that of sugar and it seems that the first biscuits were baked in Persia during the 7th Century BCE. It wasn’t until the Moorish conquest of Spain and the crusades of the 12th and 13th centuries that Arabic cooking practices slowly came to Europe.

A 213-year-old biscuit dating from the Battle of Trafalgar is to be sold at auction. The biscuit, which belonged to a sailor on board HMS Defence in 1805, is believed to be the oldest surviving ship’s biscuit in the world. It is thought to predate one from 1852 on show at a museum in Denmark.

This statistic shows the per capita consumption volume of biscuits in selected countries in Europe in 2015. The United Kingdom (UK) has the highest per capita consumption volume of biscuits at 13.6 kilograms per person per year, followed by Italy at 10.5 kilograms.

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